Guide to the ANSI/NISO/LBI Library Binding Standard

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  • Description
  • Table of Contents
  • About the authors

The ANSI/NISO/LBI Z39.78-2000, Library Binding Standard, describes the technical and materials specifications for first-time hardcover binding of serials publications and paperbound books, and rebinding of hardcover books and serials for library use. The Standard, like any technical document, is not easy reading.

Packed with illustrations, this Guide illuminates the Library Binding Standard and with its parallel numbering scheme allows side-by-side reading of the two documents. The Guide translates the technical jargon into language that can be readily understood by library staff. The Guide was written with the hope that enhanced technical knowledge will enable library staff to interpret and apply the Library Binding Standard to its fullest advantage. A series of management and training tools are included in the appendixes.

This Guide updates and supercedes the 1990 publication Guide to the Library Binding Institute Standard for Library Binding.

  • A user-friendly resource that will help countless library employees who are involved in commercial binding workflows to understand the standard by which the industry operates.
  • A useful working tool for those in the book binding profession who share an interest in maintaining and improving the condition of library collections.

Preface to the 1990 Edition

Commentary on the Standard
Foreword to the Standard
Technical Specifications
Materials Specifications

A. Decision Trees
1. Is Binding Necessary?
2. Binding Monographs
3. Binding Serials
B. Inspecting Library Bound Volumes
C. Nonstandard Library Binding
D. Supplementary Bindery Products and Services
E. Key Elements of a Binding Agreement
F. Sample Customer Profile

About the Authors

1. Stubbing
2. Single perforated sheet bound in with others to create stubbing
3. The effect of stubbing on openability
4. Effect of grain direction on openability
5. Comparing openability among methods of leaf attachment used in library binding
6. Slots cut through the folds of signatures
7. Whip stitching*
8. Restricted openability resulting from whip stitching
9. Endpaper for multiple-signature text blocks—option 1
10. Endpaper for multiple-signature text blocks—option 2
11. Endpaper for multiple-signature text blocks—option 3
12. Endpaper for recasing—option 4
13. Separate signatures
14. Hinged-in leaf *
15. Tipped-in leaf *
16. Punching the fold of a signature positioned on a metal saddle
17. Saw-cutting the spine of a text block to create sewing holes
18. Rectangular slots, made by a rotary saw, along the fold of a signature
19. Slots, made by a rotary saw, visible in an open text block
20. Hand sewing on tapes*
21. Hand sewing on sawn-in cords*
22. Five holes punched for hand sewing a single signature through the fold
23. Figure-eight sewing structure
24. Spine of a machine-sewn text block
25. Spine of a hand-sewn text block
26. Lock stitch*
27. Closely spaced sewing holes made by Singer-type sewing machines
28. Endpapers at the front and back of a multiple-signature text block
29. Endpaper for single signature
30. Openability of a text stock that is sewn through the fold
31. A notched spine*
32. Endpaper for adhesive-bound text blocks
33. The double-fanning process
34. Publishers’ adhesive binding (perfect binding)
35. Thick signatures require double milling
36. Passage of thread through an oversewn volume
37. Shuttle threads passing through loops
38. Oversewn endpaper
39a. Oversewn endpaper sewn onto text block
39b. Oversewn endpaper sewn on and folded back
39c. Oversewn endpaper sewn on, folded back and tipped down
40. Side-sewn endpaper
41. Traditional joint and wide joint
42. Restricted openability of an oversewn volume
43. Hard-to-read text near the binding margin in many oversewn volumes
44. The perforated edge of a leaf that has been oversewn
45. Thread passing perpendicularly through the binding margin of a side-sewn text block
46. Restricted openability of a side-sewn text block
47. Flat-backed, rounded, and rounded-and-backed text blocks*
48. Properly backed text block: shoulders equal the thickness of the text block plus the board
49. Spine lined with spine-lining cloth
50. Spine linings for large and heavy text blocks
51. Double cloth spine lining for large and heavy text blocks
52. Cord placed at the head and tail of the inlay
53. Headband adhered to head of text block
54a. Library corner—step 1
54b. Library corner—step 2
55a. Traditional corner—step 1
55b. Traditional corner—step 2
56. Fore edge of a sagging text block in a traditional case
57. Fore edge of a text block bound flush with the bottom of the case
58. Examples of proper and improper spine shapes
59a. A closed phase box
59b. An open phase box
60. An open double-tray box
61. Parts of a bound volume

Jan Merrill-Oldham

Jan Merrill-Oldham is Malloy-Rabinowitz Preservation Librarian in the Harvard University Library and the Harvard College Library. She directs the work of the Weissman Preservation Center in the Harvard University Library and the Preservation & Imaging program in the Harvard College Library.

Ms. Merrill-Oldham has served on and chaired committees of the American Library Association, International Federation of Library Associations Preservation and Conservation North American Network, National Information Standards Organization, Library of Congress (Preservation Directorate), British Library (Collections Care department), Association of Research Libraries, Heritage Preservation, Library Binding Institute, Northeast Document Conservation Center, Commission on Preservation and Access, Columbia University School of Library Service Conservation Education Programs, and other groups. At Harvard she serves on the senior management committees of he Harvard University and Harvard College Library, the Executive and Collections committees of the Open Collections Program, the HUL Bibliographic Standards Working Group (Subgroup on the MARC 583 Field), the HCL Collections Reformatting Committee, and other groups; and served on the Google Oversight Group during the planning phases of the Harvard project.

Ms. Merrill-Oldham has collaborated on planning for local, regional, and national conferences; has presented many papers, lectures, and workshops; and has authored and edited numerous publications—most recently, Of Silver Bullets and the Preservation of Library Resources (ASP Conference Series, Vol. 377, 2007). Before coming to Harvard Ms. Merrill-Oldham served in various capacities in the University of Connecticut Libraries, including planning and developing the libraries’ preservation program.

Paul Parisi